Never underestimate allergies in children. There are various reasons of allergies. So how are you able to recognize one?
Before you panic facing the suspicion of your kid having an allergy, you should be relieved towards the fact that allergy in children is a usual condition. About 40% of children are predicted to have various kinds of allergies.
Excessive Body Reaction to Allergy
So, what is allergy? Allergy is an excessive reaction of the body immune system towards a substance which is normally harmless and called allergen. People who don’t have allergy would react normally towards the particular substance, but to those with allergy, their immune system would act as if the substance is dangerous and try to build defense against it.
In the effort to fight allergen, they continued, the body produces some chemical substances – including histamine – that generate symptoms of allergy reaction. These chemicals emit various kinds of effects; some of them are to widen the blood vessels, to create nose membrane and to swell the respiratory channel, to trigger glands to produce mucus and to cause the respiratory muscles shrunk.
The cause of allergy itself is various, like allergy of air, allergy of food, etc. In food allergy, according to Daniel Moore, MD, there are types of food that cause the allergy, as quoted from a site about.com. Those foods are cow milk, eggs, wheat, peanuts and seafood.
Meanwhile dr. Katherine and dr. George, still in the same book, wrote the main trigger of kids allergies as follows:
- Air allergen: Dust mites, Trees and Grass pollens, Mushroom, Cat and Dog furs.
- Food allergen: Eggs, Peanuts/nuts, Fish and Scallop.
- Other allergens: Insect bites, medicine, chemicals.
Whereas related to food allergy, it usually happens when baby is 1-2 years old. Generally, allergy would decrease when kids are 5 years old when the development of immune system is already established. Certain food avoidance is the most important step to heal food allergy.
Recognize the Symptoms of Allergy
Generally, the different originators would lead to different allergy symptoms. Here are some symptoms usually recognized as signs of allergy.
Some symptoms of allergy caused by air allergen can cause:
- Nasal congestion
- Itching on the nose and throat
- Watery, red eyes or itchy
- Shortness of breath and whining breath
Allergic symptoms caused by food allergens can cause:
- Throwing up
- Child looks pale
- Loss or impairment of consciousness
- Red spots in the skin that looks like a mosquito bite
- Itching on the skin
- Face swelling
- Runny ears
- Runny nose, watery eyes
- Difficulty in breathing
Treat Allergy Correctly
Though it naturally happens to children, if it is continuing without proper care, allergies can disturb the children’s quality of life. Therefore, appropriate treatment is necessary. However, to obtain appropriate treatment goals you must first recognize and ensure what triggers your child allergy. The trick is to watch carefully under what circumstances the child has symptoms of allergies; is it after eating certain foods?; or after an exposure to certain air conditions?; and so on, like the types of allergens described above. Seek which reason to cause the allergy. Consult your doctor for more details.
2 ways to recognize food allergy
- Trial and error. Notice what food consumed by your child. Which are the most frequent one to cause allergy? Is it for example, nuts, milk, dairy products or white egg? If after eating certain foods the allergic symptoms appear, it means there is a possibility for your child allergic to food. If yes, the discontinued consumption of the foods should stop the allergy.
- Perform an allergy test. Take your child to the doctor or laboratory to perform allergy tests.