All parents want their children can be smart, right? However, there are still some questions in parent’s mind like: what things are needed so brain development of their children can be optimal? Brain is the vital organ in the body. This organ controls all part in the body like motor gesture, controlling body temperature, blood pressure, hormone secretion, breathing system, emotion, and other activities in human body. There are other several processes in brain such as: adding the amount of cell (proliferation), cell movement (migration), cell changing (differentiation), the forming of one nerve with other nerves (synapse) and the forming of nerves cover (myelinisation).
This organ develops amazingly in childhood time. When she is 2 years old, the weight of the brain is 75% of adult’s brain. The growing and development process of child’s brain has been 90%.
The important factor for forming brain is nutrition factor to support the brain cells forming. As a parent who is responsible with child’s life, you must know what nutrition that is important in the process of brain forming from pregnancy until she becomes teenager.
There is still another important thing in growing process which is the process of growing and development. The meaning of growing process is related with the changing process in size, amount, measurement, or dimension in cell, organ, or individual.
While the meaning of development is focused on the changing process of form or the mature of organ function which includes the changing of social or emotional aspect because of the environment influence. To control the development and the growing process of your child you should know the factor and aspects that influence them.
The brain is formed in 3rd week of pregnancy. In the beginning, the form of brain is nerves plaque and changes into nerves tube. In the 4th week, the brain forms perfectly. There has been cerebrum, cerebellum and medulla spinalis in 5th week of pregnancy.
After baby was born, the important time of brain developing is from when she is 0-2 years old. This period is very important because this is the golden age. In this period, the cell developing process is so fast especially myelinisation. After that there is still developing process until she is 5 years old but the process is not as fast as the previous one. In this period, there is a developing process and relation between brain impulses.
The nutrition plays important role from the pregnancy period, so mom should concern the nutrition. It is not only for her but also for the baby. She has to consume protein and essential fatty acid.
Mother’s milk is also the best food for your baby. After baby was born, the need of nutrition can be given through mother’s milk from her first day until she is 6 months. But, after the process of breastfeeding finished, you have to think about the nutrition that you give to your baby.
If you can’t breastfeed her because of something, you have to choose carefully what nutrition that you’ll give to her because it will influence her intelligence. The nutrition that believed can improve the quality of her brain is DHA fatty acid (docosahexaenoic acid) and AA (arachidonic acid). This fatty acid is essential fatty acid which means it can’t be formed in the body so we get it from outside.
The support factor
After child’s brain formed, so there will be some factors that influence her developing process. It is so unfortunate if your child has good brain cell but it is not supported with other factors.
The other factors are your attention and your love and also environment that influence emotion aspect. It starts from physical contact, touching, caress, and songs.
Other important factor is mental necessity for example learning process, religion and personality. These support factors can be stimulation for child’s brain developing and also to activate the brain cell so that the development will be more integrated. This stimulation is very important because the network of brain cells will disappear automatically, if it is not given any stimulation.
Child can receive stimulation from touching, hearing, seeing, and sense of taste and all of these are processed since baby was born. The information process or stimulation from outside depends on the how much stimulation that she receives and her capability to process that stimulation.
Intimate interaction with parents can stimulate the imagination and her creative ideas. Stimulation can be given from pregnancy period. For example, mom can listen music and at the same time she touches softly her stomach.
Another example of giving stimulation after baby was born is by telling story. Telling story can’t only teach her words, it can also be the education symbol, for example how to behave well and to solve problems.
Game can also be the stimulation that is good for child. Try to give games and it is good if parents also involve directly in the game. You have to remember; don’t forbid your child to do activity unless it is dangerous for her.